There are three primary areas or classifications of security controls. These include management security, operational security, and physical security controls.
What is Management Security?
Management security is the overall design of your controls. Sometimes referred to as administrative controls, these provide the guidance, rules, and procedures for implementing a security environment. Management security is essential to ensure that security policies are properly implemented and followed by employees and stakeholders.
What is Operational Security?
Operational Security is the effectiveness of your controls. Sometimes referred to as technical controls, these include access controls, authentication, and security topologies applied to networks, systems, and applications. Operational security plays a crucial role in ensuring that the technical measures put in place are effective in protecting against potential threats.
What is Physical Security?
Physical security is the set of measures taken to protect business assets, such as personnel, data, and hardware, from physical threats that could harm, damage, or disrupt your operations. It encompasses security measures such as surveillance, access control, environmental controls, and contingency planning. Physical security is essential to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of systems and data, and to ensure business continuity in the face of unforeseen events.
It is important to understand the interrelationship between these three types of security measures. Effective security programs should incorporate a combination of administrative, technical, and physical controls to ensure comprehensive protection against potential threats. Controls are selected based on the organization’s determination of risk and how it chooses to address each risk. For a given risk, controls from one or more of these areas may be applied.
For example, an organization may identify the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive data stored on an internal database server. The organization might then apply physical security controls to restrict access to the building, operational security controls to prevent and detect unauthorized login to the server, and management security controls to define who is authorized to access the data. Risk is unique to each organization, therefore the controls designed to address a given risk will be unique as well.
Administrative controls provide the foundation for a security program, outlining policies and procedures to ensure that security practices are properly implemented and followed by employees and stakeholders. However, policies and procedures alone are not enough to protect an organization against potential threats. Technical controls are necessary to ensure that security policies are enforced and that security measures are effective in protecting against potential threats. Technical controls may include firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), encryption, and other security technologies.
Physical security is also an important component of a comprehensive security program. Physical security measures are designed to protect business assets from physical threats, such as theft, vandalism, or natural disasters. Physical security measures may include access control systems, video surveillance, environmental controls, and contingency planning.
When combined, administrative, technical, and physical controls provide a layered approach to security that is essential to protect business assets from potential threats. A comprehensive security program should be designed to identify, assess, and manage risks, and should be regularly reviewed and updated to ensure that it continues to provide effective protection against potential threats.
LBMC Cybersecurity provides strong foundations for risk-management decisions. We design our security risk assessments to arm your organization with the information it needs to fully understand your risks and compliance obligations. Learn more about our Risk Assessments / Current State Assessments.
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